Store: German Items: Italo-German Campaign Medal Africa 1941

Italo German Campaign Medal Africa 1941 : This is a late war example with a bronze finish and is dark grey in colour. It has wear on the highlights of both the reverse and obverse. The ribbon is intact and there is stiching to the top edge. This medal has been worn without any doubt and shows good wear on both medal and ribbon.

The Italo-German Campaign Medal for service in Africa was instituted by the Italian Government to reward the achievements of Rommel's Afrika Korps. The medal was only to be awarded to German troops, the first presentations taking place in 1942. Due to Italy's withdrawal from the war and subsequent surrender, the wear of all Italian awards was prohibited in orders distributed to the German Armed Forces dated March 29th, 1944.

The Italo-German Campaign Medal was initially produced in solid Bronze, but war time shortages forced a switch to “war medal” with a Bronze finish. It measured 31mm by 31 mm, with a ribbon device that measured 6 mm in height and 18 mm in width.

The obverse of the medal is concave and features two gladiators symbolizing Italy and Germany doing battle with a crocodile, which symbolizes Britain. The reverse shows a swastika and fasces, each on one side of the Italian Felini Arch again depicting Italo-German cooperation. Under the arch is the Royal Knot of the House of Savoy. Around the rim of the reverse is the inscription “Italo-German Campaign in Africa”, in German (on the side of the swastika) and in Italian separated on top and bottom by two single leaves.

It was produced principally by F.M. Lorioli and sons of Milan, but a variety of smaller manufacturers also made the award. The Lorioli manufacturer mark is present on a majority of medals above either the right or the left leg of the crocodile. This mark consists of the inscription “LORIOLI MILANO”. The absence of a manufacturer marks denotes that the award was produced by a smaller firm.

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